Ukuleles

The ukulele is sometimes abbreviated to uke, is a member of the guitar family of instruments; it generally employs four nylon strings.

The ukulele originated in the 19th century as a Hawaiian interpretation of the machete. a small guitar-like instrument related to the cavaquinho, timple, braguinha and the rajao, taken to Hawaii by Portuguese immigrants, many from the Macaronesian islands. It gained great popularity elsewhere in the United States during the early 20th century, and from there spread internationally.

The tone and volume of the instrument varies with size and construction. Ukuleles commonly come in four sizes: soprano, concert, tenor, and baritone

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Type Scale length Total length Tuning
sopranino or piccolo 11" (28 cm) varies D5-G5-E5-A6, G4-C4-E4-A4, G-C-E-A, or A-D-F#-B
soprano or standard 13" (33 cm) 21" (53 cm) A4-D4-F#4-B4 or G4-C4-E4-A4
concert 15" (38 cm) 23" (58 cm) G4-C4-E4-A4, A4-D4-F#4-B4, or G3-C4-E4-A4
tenor 17" (43 cm) 26" (66 cm) G3-C4-E4-A4, G4-C4-E4-A4, A4-D4-F#4-B4, or D4-G3-B3-E4
baritone 19" (48 cm) 30" (76 cm) D3-G3-B3-E4
bass 20" (51 cm) 30" (76 cm) E1-A2-D2-G2